This is not a true desert area.
The Kalahari, Karoo, Namaqualand, Damaraland and Kaokoland all fall within the arid zone.
The general vegetation consists of acacia trees, woody shrubs, grass and succulents. Opportunist spring flowers burst masses of colour and variation if the rains do fall.
The climate is harsh, with extreme temperature ranges and mean annual rainfall below 300mm per year.
Many of these areas are veined with river courses that support lush riverine vegetation.
Large herds of springbok, red hartebeest, blue wildebeest, blesbok, eland and burchell’s zebra flourish in the arid zone.