When the Klipspringer senses danger, it lets off a shrill snort, and this warning is often initiated by the male and echoed by the female in a duet. These sounds can carry for up to 700 m. Their enemies include leopards, hyaenas, baboons and large birds of prey.
They browse on a wide variety of shrubs and other plants, mostly within the mountainous territory it prefers, but on occasion they will forage on flatter ground.
Klipspringer are found most commonly in pairs, as solitary individuals or in small family groups, although slightly larger groups may congregate temporarily at preferred feeding sites. A single lamb is born, at any time throughout the year.